The role of BCAA is to function as the regulator of all civil aviation as per the Civil Aviation Act 2000 and Bhutan Air Navigation Regulations (BANRs). The specific responsibilities of the BCAA with respect to regulation, and licensing of operations are as follows;
- As per enforcement manual, issue, renew, suspend, revoke and amend license of aviation personnel including flight crew, Aircraft Radio Operators, Air Traffic Controllers and conduct aircraft maintenance engineering license exam;
- To inspect and license airports, aerodromes, heliports and airport safety and security services;
- To register and maintain records of all aircraft in Bhutan;
- To issue airworthiness certification of aircraft on the Bhutan Aircraft Registry including the issue, renewal, cancellation and amendment of certificates of airworthiness of all aircraft. This aim to ensure what ever they fly, Bhutan-registered aircraft are airworthy and are competently flown and operated.
- To inspect and license aircraft maintenance organizations and facilities are competent to carry out maintenance and repair of aircraft on the Bhutan Aircraft Registry.
- To inspect and maintain safety oversight of the airports and flight operations of commercial air services in and out of Bhutan;
- To inspect and maintain security oversight of the airports and flight operations of commercial air services in and out of Bhutan;
- To provide economic regulation of commercial air services and license commercial air carriers to operate within and into Bhutan, including negotiation of air services agreements with other countries; and
- To monitor and regulate charges made for provision of air services within and to and from Bhutan, including charges made fro use of airports in Bhutan and provision of associated services such as security, air traffic services, air navigation services and rescue and fire-fighting.